Intelligence Cycle

Intelligence Cycle

The second step of the Intelligence Cycle is “Collection” which is the gathering of the raw information needed to produce a finished and synergized intelligence product. Using outside resources discuss what

The second step of the Intelligence Cycle is “Collection” which is the gathering of the raw information needed to produce a finished and synergized intelligence product. Using outside resources discuss what you consider to be the two most important types of collections (e.g. OSINT). Why do you feel this way? Be specific in your response considering national strategies.

While the Intelligence Cycle is made up of several phases and all are important to the success of intelligence as a whole, it is evident that the collection phase is likely the most essential part of the cycle. Collection is described as the process of gathering raw data or information that is used to create the final intelligence product for key stakeholders (Phythian 2014). While there are several different sources which can aid in the collection phase, signals intelligence (SIGINT) and human intelligence (HUMINT) are two of the most important types. 

SIGINT is defined as intelligence collected from any form of signals such as electronic, communications or foreign signals (Phythian 2014). SIGINT is so broad in nature and with increasing technology in today’s times, we can gather a significant amount of information and data from signals. Whether it be through computers, satellites, telephones, etc. the avenues to collection information are endless. While so much information can be overwhelming, intelligence analysts are exposed to all possibilities of information and data.

HUMINT is self-explanatory, in that it is information that comes from humans (Phythian 2014). This type of collection is so important because we, as people, are around other people every single day and information gets passed quickly through word of mouth. It is possible to learn the most amount of information just by speaking to someone. In addition to word of mouth, HUMINT is derived from photos, documents, and other sources from humans. 

While all types of collection are important, SIGINT and HUMINT are the two most important types because they have capabilities to collect the most amount of information and data in a relatively easy way. With growing populations and increased technology, these forms of collection are most prevalent in today’s societies. 

Phythian, Mark. 2014. Understanding the Intelligence Cycle. London: Routledge.

Information and data come in various structures, from foreign government congregations and open-source web articles to satellite symbolism and exceptionally technical equipment details. The U.S. IC assembles data from this multitude of sources and lines together with an image of what is going on in this present reality and what is probably going to happen tomorrow.

This adaptability, the ability to skillfully gather data from an assortment of sources, is one reason the Intel Community is a profoundly cooperative group of 17 organizations, each supplementing the following. While one organization is a specialist in one structure, another succeeds in an alternate structure. The National Intelligence Strategy “describes seven Mission Objectives that broadly describe the priority outputs needed to deliver timely, insightful, objective, and relevant intelligence to our customers. Intelligence includes foreign intelligence and counterintelligence” (Home and Do, 2022).

Reading National Security Strategy, I try to pull out information not about the main type of intelligence collection but keep eye on types that are incredibly unique and vastly different in the gathering process, their nature, and the challenges they provide to IC. OSINT (Open-Source Intelligence) and HUMINT (Human Intelligence) are the two most important types of collection. OSINT it is not only publicly available information. As I stated in my other post it has an overly complex nature and made up of millions of small sources. These sources not always provided truthful information; it is a disinformation, lies, and data that takes IC’s attention while behind happens events that need a collection for sure. OSINT very problematic type of intelligence that is connects to all others in a tight circle of death due to its vast influence. Intel analysts must not only prioritize data but make sure it comes from well-known sources. Also, OSINT is a partial problem of the Cyber Threat that standing on the top step of the National Strategy stairs.

HUMINT from another side “remains synonymous with espionage and clandestine activities; however, most of HUMINT collection is performed by overt collectors such as strategic debriefers and military attaches” (Home and Do 2022). That is an especially important source of information that gives data straight from the speaker’s (target) mouth. This type of intelligence takes ginormous amount of time and training to prepare collector for the exploitation of the target. This process consists of direct interaction and analyzing human behavioral responses.

In a conclusion, CYBINT (Cyber Intelligence) is sometimes considered a subcategory of OSINT. HUMINT, CYBINT, and OSINT are employed for both legitimate and reprehensible purposes.

References

Home, O. and Do, W., 2022. What is Intelligence? [online] Dni.gov. Available at: <https://www.dni.gov/index.php/what-we-do/what-is-intelligence#:~:text=The%20National%20Intelligence%20Strategy&text=The%20NIS%20describes%20seven%20Mission,includes%20foreign%20intelligence%20and%20counterintelligence.> [Accessed 16 May 2022].

Answer preview for The second step of the Intelligence Cycle is “Collection” which is the gathering of the raw information needed to produce a finished and synergized intelligence product. Using outside resources discuss what

APA

445 Words