Cultural awareness about Ethiopia
HEALTH BELIEFS AND PRACTICES
– How does the patient define health and illness?
– Are there particular methods used to help maintain health, such as hygiene and self-care practices?
– Are there particular methods being used by the patient for the treatment of illness?
– What is the attitude toward preventive health measures such as immunizations?
– Are there health topics that the patient may be particularly sensitive to or that are considered taboo?
– What are the attitudes toward mental illness, pain, handicapping conditions, chronic disease, death, and dying?
– Is there a person in the family responsible for various health-related decisions, such as where to go, whom to see, and what advice to follow?
RELIGIOUS INFLUENCES AND SPECIAL RITUALS
– Is there a religion that the patient adheres to?
– Is there a significant person that the patient looks to for guidance and support?
– Are there any special religious practices or beliefs that may affect health care when the patient is ill or dying?
– Baptism, puberty, marriage, and death?
LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION
– What language is spoken in the home?
– How well does the patient understand English, both spoken and written?
– Are there special signs of demonstrating respect or disrespect?
– Is touch involved in communication?
– Are there culturally appropriate ways to enter and leave situations, including greetings, farewells, and convenient times to make a home visit?
PARENTING STYLES AND ROLE IN THE FAMILY
– Who makes the decisions in the family?
– What is the composition of the family, how many generations are considered to be a single-family and which relatives compose the family unit?
– When the marriage custom is practiced, what is the attitude about separation and divorce?
– What is the role of and attitude toward children in the family?
– When do children need to be disciplined or punished, and how is this done (if physical means are used, in what way?)
– Do the parents demonstrate physical affection toward their children and each other?
– Are there special beliefs and practices surrounding conception, pregnancy, childbirth, lactation, and child-rearing?
– In general what does the family like to eat?
– Who is responsible for food preparation?
– Are there any foods forbidden by the culture or are some foods a cultural requirement in observance of a rite or ceremony?
– How is food prepared and consumed?
– Are there specific beliefs or preferences concerning food, such as those believed to cause or to cure an illness?
NURSING CONSIDERATIONS FOR THIS CULTURE WHEN HOSPITALIZED
– Describe assessment/interventions that may require modification in the acute care setting.
– What strategies do you suggest to overcome these “barriers”?
– How would the nurse demonstrate cultural sensitivity to a client of this culture?
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