In the following examples of semantic change, identify and explain the kinds of semantic change involved

Quetsion 1

In the following examples of semantic change, identify and explain the kinds of semantic change involved (widening, narrowing, metonymy, etc.).

1. Spanish cosa ‘thing’ < Latin causa ‘matter, cause, question’
2. Spanish segar ‘to reap (cut grain, grass with a scythe)’ < Latin sec are ‘to cut’
3. Spanish depender ‘to depend’ < Latin d ependere ‘to hang’
4. Spanish cadera ‘hip’ < Latin cathedra (from Greek) ‘seat’
5. Spanish pariente ‘relative’ < Old Spanish pariente ‘parent’
6. English lousy ‘bad’ < ‘infested with lice’
7. English knave ‘scoundrel’ < Old English cnafa ‘boy’
8. English blue ‘baseball umpire’ < the blue shirts that umpires wear
9. English Band-Aid ‘adhesive bandage’ < a brand of adhesive bandages
10. English queen < Proto-Indo-European *gwen- ‘woman

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In the following examples of semantic change identify and explain the kinds of semantic change involved

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