In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century realists

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century realists

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century realists as well as naturalists “reflected in their novels their age’s increasing sense of the limitations

This is an essay exam. Open notes, open book. Answer one of the three questions. Write for no more than three hours. Please use WORD. Please do not submit a pdf. Use Times New Roman, #12. Double Space. I recommend that you make a quick outline before you write. Proofread your essay.
For either question write on THREE of the four authors we have read since the first midterm. Your choice.

Sui Sin Far: “Wavering Image” and either “Lin John” or “In the Land of the Free”

Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Herland, http://www.gutenberg.org/files/32/32-h/32-h.htm

Langston Hughes two poems of your choice: “The Negro Speaks of Rivers” “Mother to Son”; “I, Too”; “The Weary Blues” ; “Mulatto” “Song for a Dark Girl”; “Genius Child”; “Visitors to the Black Belt” “Words Like Freedom” “Freedom” “Madam’s Calling Cards” “Silhouette”

Susan Glaspell’s play Trifles.

Our discussions of realism and naturalism in class, your class and reading notes, and the video-ed lectures will help you shape your answer. For your discussion of Sui Sin Far, you may want to refer to the video “1882: The Chinese Exclusion Act”

ESSAY QUESTIONS ANSWER ONE

I. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century realists as well as naturalists “reflected in their novels their age’s increasing sense of the limitations imposed upon men and women by their biological past and social present. But realists and naturalists also persisted…in dramatizing their characters as creatures of significance and worth….and continued to maintain the tension between actuality and hope which in its various forms has characterized most Western literature since the Renaissance.” Donald Pizer

First, carefully read the quote by Donald Pizer. Prompts :What are the core terms? What do you see as the tensions in the texts we have read between authors depicting “the limitations imposed upon men and women by their biological past and social present” and authors depicting “characters as creatures of significance and worth.” What, in the texts you choose to discuss, is “the tension between actuality and hope.” How does the “biological past and social present” emerge in these texts? Or, to put it another way, to what degree is race, historical moment, gender, geography, setting, or class seen as a representation of limitation or a representation of hope?
The question: agree or disagree with Pizer’s comment, in all or in part. Support your argument with direct references to the characters, voices, images, actions, settings, and or situations. You are free to quote directly from the text but keep your quotes to a few words or a sentence.
We are living in a moment highly determined by our biology and our social present. If you like, you may conclude with a paragraph or two on how this moment affects your answer.

or
II. In the readings we have read from the 19th to the 20th century, argue whether or not the images, plots, situations and characters invite multiple interpretations, and whether and how they offer impressionistic or wavering images. In other words, for each of the texts you consider, how open are they to diverse readings? Discuss in terms of three of the following authors from the above list. Support your argument with direct references to the characters, voices, images, actions, settings, and or situations. You are free to quote directly from the text but keep your quotes to a few words or a sentence.
We are living in a moment of unavoidable uncertainty. If you like, you may conclude with a paragraph or two on how this moment affects your answer.

or

III.This question asks you consider the endings of the literary works we have read. Choose from the above list, as outlined, and consider how the endings resolve, fail to resolve the core tensions, conflicts, and contradictions introduced throughout the texts. Is the material for these resolutions adequately introduced before we get to the ending? To what degree are endings trite resolutions or do they respond to the deep conflicts which drive the text? You are free to quote directly from the text but keep your quotes to a few words or a sentence.
We are living in a moment of unclear endings, indeed, unclear next “chapters” in our lives. If you like, you may conclude with a paragraph or two on how this moment affects your answer.

Answer preview for In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century realists as well as naturalists “reflected in their novels their age’s increasing sense of the limitations

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