Use the following questions to determine what kind of advocacy-related work you’ve encountered thus far in your readings and reflect on where you need to go. Take some notes as you read the questions, then compose a short paragraph on what you found so far. Once you compose a short paragraph on what you know, write another paragraph reflecting on where you feel, based on this information, you need to start looking and thinking.
- Define the advocacy effort(s). Have you found any relevant instances of laws or policies that people tried to create or eliminate or amend or replace? Any federal laws that conflict with state laws that conflict with local ordinances? Any efforts to pass laws on behalf of those who are suffering as a result of the problem your CP investigated? Are there companies trying to address the problem effectively? Any organizing efforts at the local level designed to generate support or raise public awareness? What about media campaigns that try to address the problem? Do you have an idea of what sort of effort(s) you will or will need to pursue for this project?
- Determine what you know and what you need to know. Were the efforts to solve the problem completely or partially successful? How so? Were they a total failure? How so? Why do you think that is? Were the solutions designed to be effective in the long term? Short term? What was the short-term cost to the long term solution and vice versa? What were the obstacles to solving or mitigating the problem—lack of money? Legal challenges? Lack of public support? How does one effort compare to another? (maybe two efforts to pass a law, for example—one more successful than the other; maybe one effort to legislate and another to create better policy.) Is the effort feasible? Why or why not? And according to who or what? Do you have an idea of what sort of information you will need in order to make an informed judgement about the efforts you will examine?
- Create list of FIVE key advocacy-specific research terms:
Good keywords are specific: they involve legislation, policy, court cases, organizations and government institutions, names of important figures. Keywords should always help you to find relevant, related sources. It helps to develop a list of related organizations. They often have resources, updates on recent organizing efforts. Be sure you read the “about” page to see if the organization is reliable. If you are unsure, do a little digging and see what you can find about the organization. Even if they turn out to be shady, you can use that! See if they have power and then expose them!
Good key advocacy-related research terms:
“National Center for Transgender Equality” “The United Nations Alliance for Sustainable Fashion” “National Coalition for Women and Girls in Education” “Slow Factory” “Anti-trans sports ban legistation” “Fashion Sustainability and Social Accountability Act of New York” “Garment Worker Protection Act” “Fashion Revolution (an activist group)” and “CFDA advocacy”
Poor key research terms: “advocacy and gender” “protests about gender”
- Finding and Evaluating Sources:
Record 6-8 new sources you found for the topic in 8th edition MLA formatting. Annotate at least THREE.
If you don’t know how to properly use MLA, consult the Online Writing Lab at Purdue: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/
Be sure you use a variety of genres from experts and journalists. Consult the AGWR Chapter 5 “Finding Sources” if you need a refresher.
Use any or all (your choice!) of the following questions to determine what you need for your sources to do in order to develop a comprehensive AP. You might be able to reuse some of your CP resources for this information, too.
–Do your sources help establish a trend in the advocacy approaches?
–Does the source help establish WHO are the advocates involved and what is the purpose of the advocacy?
–Does the source help establish WHO has a stake in blocking efforts to solve or mitigate the problem?
–Does the source show how the advocacy has been helped or hurt by public opinion?
–Does the source show how common perception about the problem has determined, for better or worse, the kinds of efforts to solve it?
–Does the source show how policy or law or other reform measures have failed?
–Does the source help define the root causes of failed advocacy?
–Does the source help establish HOW advocates have been successful in resolving or mitigating the problem?
–Does the source help establish an evaluation of cost to benefit?
–Does the source help establish the feasibility of your proposed solutions? (does it establish precedent? Show current action? Efforts at implementation?)
–Does the source offer a solution to the problem similar to the one you envision? (if so, has their been any action after the work was published? If so, what? If not, why do you suppose that is?)
–Does the source function as opposition to your proposed solution? Does it show, in other words, what might be problematic about your argument? (you will want real voices with real arguments here).